Monday, May 18, 2020
Activity 1: The Basics My name is Leala Solomon. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve read a little more than 15 books. I read every day. I am reading Nineteen Minutes by Jodi Picoult. As I was choosing between what books to read, I read the summaries for all of the choices. It interested me that it was about a school shooting due to a massive amount of bullying to victim. Shootings have become more realistic in 2015 and I wanted to see what the victim was thinking during the shooting. I expect different viewpoints to view the story in to better understand the book. I would also expect a distressing bullying story and a depressing end with students dead. I am expecting that the story will take an interesting turn and surprise the readers. Activity 2: Setting Ã¢â¬Å"BesideÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This is the first location of the story that the book gives and it shows where all of the story takes place. The majority of the characters are born, live, and were raised. It gives us a deeper understanding and comprehension on how the characters connect and interact with each other. For Alex Cormier, her day started as familiar and usual and ended as devastating and shows the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives before the shooting. Ã¢â¬Å"By the time the SWAT team got there, a hundred more shots might be fired; a kid might be killed. He drew his gun. Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢m going in.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (page 29). This is taking place at Sterling High, where the shooting is occurring. Patrick Ducharme arrives at the scene as a first responder but is not allowed to enter the school until SWAT arrives per protocol. He is seen as stupid and courageous and brave in this one moment. He could have died running in mindlessly and risking his life but that can also be seen as brave and courageous. He stopped Peter from killing anyone else and saved many lives. This shows what happened at Sterling High and how the residents reacted. Ã¢â¬Å"The double doors of the cafeteria swung shut behind him. By now, the team working this room had assessed and transported the injured; only the bodies remained behind. The cinder-block walls were chipped where bullets had pierced or grazed them. A vending machine-glass shattered, bottles pierced-dribbled Sprite and Coke and Dasani onto the
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"The Three Paradigms in SocietyÃ¢â¬ Functionalist paradigm, conflict paradigm, and symbolic interaction paradigm are the three major paradigms that function in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Functionalist, and conflict paradigms are macro-sociological paradigms. Symbolic interaction is a micro-sociological paradigm. Functionalist paradigm focuses on the integration of society, while social conflict focuses on the issue of division among society. Symbolic interaction works on communication and social change as a consequence. The three paradigms are completely different from each other in a social point of view. The macro-sociological paradigms view America as an inequality state. The social conflict paradigm fits todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Social conflict also focuses on macro-sociology. Symbolic interaction paradigm says society functions well through interactions. Communication is spreaded through symbols created by society. Social interaction is important, because it causes social change. Many variables such as behavior events are explained through social contact with others. The people are the ones who determine what is reality, and what is not reality. Life works in a dramatization point of view. Symbolic interaction paradigm focuses on the small issues that affect communities in society, therefore making it a micro-level orientation. Functionalist paradigm sees society as a well integrated, self-regulating system that meets peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. While Social conflict views society having many groups that are self reliant, with their own goals and needs. Symbolic interaction explains society is shaped, and constructed through interaction, and communication with others. America has always suffered social inequality. This is where macro-sociological paradigms come in to the nation. Functionalist paradigm thinks the cause of inequality is caused by social dysfunctions. This happens when society has undesirable consequences for the operation of society. Functionalist paradigm tends to focus on social stability and unification. As a result this cause more inequality in society. It ignores social class status, racial issues, ethicalShow MoreRelatedThe Three Paradigms in Society840 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Three Paradigms in Society Functionalist paradigm, conflict paradigm, and symbolic interaction paradigm are the three major paradigms that function in todays society. Functionalist, and conflict paradigms are macro-sociological paradigms. Symbolic interaction is a micro-sociological paradigm. Functionalist paradigm focuses on the integration of society, while social conflict focuses on the issue of division among society. Symbolic interaction works on communication and social change asRead MoreEconomic Issues Faced By Consumers And Producers1226 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesopportunity cost. The two fundamental paradigms in economics are known as the exchange and production paradigm. The exchange paradigm, which is used to understand neoclassical economics, is one which identifies itself with studying individuals as well as the allocation of resources (addresses scarcity). The production paradigm, is used to explain classical economics, focuses on classes in society and how they are able to increase growth in the economy. The exchange paradigm is a Ã¢â¬Å"cornerstone in neoclassicalRead MoreWithin The World Of Sociology There Are Sociological Paradigms1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWithin the world of sociology there are sociological paradigms that can be applied to humanÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of the world. The three major sociological paradigms are functional, conflict and symbolic interactionism each playing key different roles when dealing with social issues. These paradigms exist in order to have a basic understanding of how society functions, the role of sociology, and how different things affect social life. Social paradigms have the ability to impact social issues if they areRead MoreCritical Analysis Paper On Nursing1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdefinition of three nursing metaparadigm concepts including the person, nursing, and environment, and helped reinforce my original definition of health. Original Concept Definition PERSON Originally, I defined a person as a combination of physical, psychological, emotional, social and spiritual aspects. I stated that imbalance of any of these factors can result in a disturbance in personÃ¢â¬â¢s wellbeing. My definition of the person falls into totality paradigm. This is so because totality paradigm statesRead MoreThe Theory, Symbolic Interactionism, And Conflict Theory1040 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Faith Williams Dr. Whitman Sociology Abstract This review connects three theoretical frameworks. The first theoretical framework is the symbolic interactionism. This focuses mainly on how the individual interacts with others, and how others influence the individual behaviors that impact society in a micro or macro way. The second theoretical framework is the conflict theory, it examines the rift between the rich and the poor and how it affects the quality of education, healthRead MoreThe Structure Of Scientific Revolutions By Thomas Kuhn1654 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRevolutionsÃ¢â¬ Thomas Kuhn argues that normal science inevitably runs into a crisis. Why is it necessarily the case? Is there a way to avoid scientific crises? In Thomas KuhnÃ¢â¬â¢s paradigm cycle, normal science inevitably leads to an anomaly, which eventually leads into a crisis. If the current existing theory in the paradigm fails to solve the puzzles of normal science, it will eventually call for a new theory to take its place. Kuhn further expresses that, although, normal science holds the objectiveRead MoreTheoretical Frameworks Of Sociology And Sociological Perspective Essay918 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdo not? These are all some of the questions students need an answer to, which led them to enrol to this course. Ã¢â¬Å"Sociology is the scientific study of individuals in groups, organizations, cultures and societies; and of the interrelationships of individuals, group, organizations, cultures and societies.Ã¢â¬ (Kennedy, 2011, p. 1). What makes someone a sociologist? It isnÃ¢â¬â¢t what they study that makes them a sociologist, but how they think about it and how they study it. In this essay, I will be discussingRead MoreThe Levia than By Thomas Hobbes849 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescreates a buffer between that of the public and private spheres. It has been used to facilitate the interactions between those who wish to subscribe to a civil society where it is a necessity for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s rights to be protected and respected. Around the world, normative liberal thoughtÃ¢â¬âor liberalism if you willÃ¢â¬âserves as the primary political paradigm under which most governments and their citizens alike ascribe. In many ways, Liberalism has become a nearly permanent feature of our political lives. Due toRead MorePublic Goods, Private Goods : The American Struggle Over Educational Goal Essay906 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshow the three main purposes, which interact and interfere sometimes, have shaped the American education goals, throughout out its practices and policies, democratic equality, social efficiency and Social mobility. On the same track, Nickols and Cuenca (2014) found in their work Ã¢â¬Å"Two Roadmaps, One Dest ination: The Economic Progress Paradigm in Teacher Education Accountability in Georgia and MissouriÃ¢â¬ That teacher preparation programs influence by what they called Ã¢â¬Å"the economic progress paradigmÃ¢â¬ (p.Read More America And The War On Drugs Essay1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesenvironment. Sociologists have three main paradigms that they can coincide with people to learn they function under certain circumstances. The paradigms used are the Structural-Functional, Social-Conflict and Symbolic-Interaction. Here is a brief description to help make the sociologist perspective more understandable. The Structural-Functional paradigm has multiple interrelated parts; morally desirable functional consequences and conflict is often destructive. How is society integrated? What consequences
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Communism and democracy have been considered political opposites and obvious opponents in the realm of nationwide government. The United States has a clear stance on both: quite simply, the latter is ideal and the former is the worst form of government that can be utilized in the state. Communism was viewed as the enemy of democracy and thus of the United States and any state allowed to prosper as a communist nation posed not only a threat to the United States but to democracies everywhere. For years, the United States adopted a strong proclivity for fighting all forms of communism, foreign or domestic, and attempting to install a democratic environment. We saw the fight against communism take place in Korea, Greece and ultimatelyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As a result, these people might subsequently believe that the translation of ideology described in this paper was driven by the same economic and corporate reasons. This paper will not get so radical as to support these theorie s, and any corporate/economic/conspiracy theories relating to the desire to intervene will be disregarded. The aftermath of World War II left the world in a very disorganized state. Germany, in ruins, was divided by the victorious parties into 4 separate zones of occupation. Japan was also devastated as was much of the Soviet Union. In rebuilding and redrawing national borders, tensions quickly arose between the Soviet Union and much of the Western Allies. Winston Churchill and FDR both campaigned for the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile to be reinstated, while Stalin insisted the Provisional Government be given power. It became increasingly apparent that a war was brewing between the Soviet Union and the West. In his speech Ã¢â¬Å"The Sinews of PeaceÃ¢â¬ , Churchill stated an Ã¢â¬Å"iron curtain has descendedÃ¢â¬ , by Stalin, between the Eastern and Western worlds. It became clear that the co-existence between Communist and capitalist systems was impossible. The United States viewed StalinÃ¢â¬â¢s radical behavior as a direct threat and could not once more sit idly by as a foreign nation attempted to accumulate unprecedented power. Truman in his message to Congress on March 12, 1947 madeShow MoreRelatedThe War On Terror : An Example Of All Three Foreign Policy Tools Is Afghanistan Essay1303 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe War on Terror required utilizing pre-emptive war, regime change, and unilateralism. An example of all three foreign policy tools is Afghanistan. Bush took a hard line approach with the Taliban government of Afghanistan, who had a semi-friendly working relationship with Osama bin LadenÃ¢â¬â¢s terrorist group, al Qaeda, by declaring that if the Taliban government did not hand over bin Laden, the U.S. would invade Afghanistan. The War on Terror created a renewed moralism that had effectively disappearedRead MorePresident Obama And President Bush879 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfocused on the topic of foreign policy. President Obama an d Bush had to deal with continuous threats and problems arising from the tumultuous political climate of the Middle East. The way each president saw it fit to eliminate the problems was quite different as, President Bush often saw it more appropriate to use military force in the intervention of these issues, where as President Obama is more likely to take a diplomatic approach before resorting to military intervention. Regardless of these differencesRead MoreImperialism DBQ Essay examples636 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesA.P. U.S. II DBQ What role did Imperialism play in shaping U.S. foreign policy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries? Prior to the late 19th century, the United States was preoccupied with domestic affairs and simply used the Monroe Doctrine as their lone foreign policy. By the late 19th century, however, domestic concerns suppressed just enough to let foreign issues take the spotlight. The Industrial Revolution brought mass production, which forced the United States to seek a new global marketRead MoreEssay about Dollar Diplomacy1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDollar Diplomacy Ever since the 17 republics of mainland Latin America emerged from the wreck of the Spanish Empire in the early 19th century, North Americans had viewed them with a mixture of condescension and contempt that focused on their alien culture, racial mix, unstable politics, and moribund economies. The Western Hemisphere seemed a natural sphere of U.S. influence, and this view had been institutionalized in the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 warning European states that any attempt to extendRead MoreJustified - Madisons Decision To Change US Foreign Policy Essay803 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdeal with WashingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy. Unlike the other presidents, Madison felt like the foreign policy wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t right; so he changed it from isolationism to intervention. The previous foreign policy Ã¢â¬â known as isolationism Ã¢â¬â meant that America had to try to stay out of disputes between opposing countries. After Madison changed AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s policy, it became known as intervention: Am ericaÃ¢â¬â¢s duty was to stand up for itself. Madison did a lot of things before changing the foreign policy; he engaged in peaceRead MoreIsolationism in Post-World War I America1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn George Washingtons farewell speech he warned the American people to beware the insidious wiles of foreign influence. Though it was never put into law, this statement has played a major role in the American foreign policy of isolationism. American isolationist sentiment stems from the fact that America is geographically isolated from the rest of the world. American isolationist sentiment was at its peak in the years following World War I. In the war of 1914-1918 that had set the stage on whichRead MoreThe Future Effect Of The Election Of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau1131 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis political study will define the future effect of the election of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in terms of the Canadian foreign policy in the restructuring of military intervention i n foreign affairs and the pro-trade globalization mandates of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). TrudeauÃ¢â¬â¢s election defines the overriding political agenda of the Liberal Party of Canada to stop ineffective bombing missions in Syria and Iraq, yet to maintain special forces troops to better manage the war againstRead MoreThe Political Affairs Of Latin America925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMonroe Doctrine of 1823, the U.S. has taken a firm and direct stance when dealing with the continent to ensure that its [United States] interests are always upheld. This being said, the U.S. uses formal and informal manipulation and intervention to ensure that Latin American governments are compatible with U.S. interests. This dates back, as previously said, to the time of the Monroe doctrine, when the United-States wanted to protect its expansion and dominance in the two Continent form European powersRead MoreThe Pitfalls of American Interventionism Essay1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeginning of anti-American sentiment in the region. Starting with President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the United States had been interfering in the Middle East, using Iran as a base for anti-Soviet operations. Over the years, U.S relations with the Middle East soured, leading CIA-trained operatives to form terrorist organizations. President George H. W. Bush sparked the Middle Eastern powder keg with Operation Desert Storm, the beginning of the first Gulf War. The two Gulf Wars, and American interventionismRead MoreFour approaches to the political economy development of Latin America1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesapproaches for studying, analyzing and understanding the political and institutional constrains that have shaped the development of Latin American countries. They have also incorporated into the analysis variables such as the influence of international organizations and the economic and class history, and its relation with one of the principal characteristics of Latin American countries: the d isparity between the wealthy and the poor. Throughout this work, I intend to summarize and review four of the most
James Baldwin is a wonderful author in regards to weaving certain topics, both controversial and non-controversial, into his texts. The struggle with masculinity is one of a plethora of topics that Baldwin discusses. Although they might seem insignificant, they serve a great purpose in introducing the societal views of these ideas and definitions through different perspectives. Masculinity and its perception by male characters is a topic that is touched on in many of his texts. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s through the difficulty behind understanding masculinity or using it as a faÃ §ade to cloak another secret, BaldwinÃ¢â¬â¢s characters bring a numerous amount of questions surrounding the idea of what masculinity is and what it serves others in society. This topic relates to how 21st Century American society views men and the importance of a masculine identity. There is this immense backing of the idea that an ideal man is this macho, testosterone-driven individual who can only discuss spo rts, drink large amounts of alcohol, and explicit sexual interactions with women, or what is now considered Ã¢â¬Å"hypermasculinityÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Hypermasculinity is what society paints as what a man should beÃ¢â¬ , states Tratel Ingram, writer for MTV Voices and author of the article The Pressure to be Masculine. Ã¢â¬Å"Hypermasculinity can be defined as a term for the exaggeration of male stereotypical behavior, such as an emphasis on physical strength, aggression, and sexualityÃ¢â¬ ¦ ItÃ¢â¬â¢s extremely damaging to men and boys everywhere.Ã¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedVisual images Reinforce Traditional Gender and Sexuality Stereotypes948 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageson and reinforcing commonly held perceptions and beliefsÃ¢â¬ of gender and sexuality stereotypes. They have a strong role in shaping society by reflecting, reinforcing and perpetuating traditional societal values and attitudes towards gender roles and identities. The visual images displayed in advertisements are Ã¢â¬Å"o ften absorbed into peoples learned expectation of individuals, comprising various groups, and therefore have the ability to sway individuals perceptions of and interactions with othersÃ¢â¬ Read MoreHegemonic Masculinity in the Media1080 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHegemonic masculinity can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the cultural idealized form of masculine character, which emphasizes the connecting of masculinity to toughness and competitiveness as well as the subordination of women and the marginalization of gay menÃ¢â¬ (Trujillo, 1991, p. 290). We live society were male dominance is the order of the day, from the family arena to the workplace, and in sports in which individuals with certain characteristics and attributes as seen as normal and the rest are termed as theRead MoreLooking Glass Of One s Self884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLooking-Glass of OneÃ¢â¬â¢s Self As a result, society has devalued heterosexual males and homosexual males that donÃ¢â¬â¢t fit into the construction of gender that society deems appropriate or inappropriate masculine behaviors (Epstein, D., 1998). In particular, within society heterosexual males are ridiculed for choosing a position that is a non-traditional profession (Evans, J., Frank, B., 2003). For instance, nursing traditionally is a female profession but heterosexual men are being ridiculed for obtainingRead MoreCommon Masculine Themes of Superheroes Explained in Complex Masculinities: The Superhero in Modern American Movies1256 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesComplex Masculinities: The Superhero in Modern American Movies attempts to encapsulate the essential elements that make masculinities complex by means of mass media. The question of where and why superheroes have held such a salient position in the last decade is aroused when it is media who is the deciding factor in institutionalizing masculinity. When lookin g at the surface of a superhero movie, dominant hegemonic characteristics are the epitome of the superhero and reflect the roles and valuesRead MoreFood, In Itself, Is A Social Concept, A Perception Of An1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFood, in itself, is a social concept, a perception of an idea that is constructed through cultural and social practice. Food is constructed through cultural practice, defined by its particular usage and representation among particular ethnic and cultural groups. Therefore, foodÃ¢â¬â¢s significance is much more than simply satiating hunger. Take religious restrictions on pork, for example. What reason caused IslamÃ¢â¬â¢s belief in the pig as haram, considering it is eaten by the vast majority of the world?Read MoreEssay about Masculinity in the Media1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Masculinity in the Media Masculinity has changed and evolved since the beginning of human creation. Males have had to adhere to the social norms of their time to survive without undue persecution. In the beginning of the 19th century, there was a shift in the way men could attain manhood. It was no longer easy for a man to enter into manhood with straightforward expectations and rituals. The state of manhood became difficult to obtain because of its precarious nature. During the sameRead MoreHistorical Stereotypes of Australian Masculinity in the Film Two Hands and Strictly Balloon1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHistorical Stereotypes of Australian Masculinity in the Film Two Hands and Strictly Balloon Ã¢â¬Å"Film is a powerful player in the construction of national identity. In Australian films, men embody particular masculinities such as rugged practicality and anti-intellectualism, ruthless independence against all odds, and a willingness to die. These masculinities have been embellished and perpetuated in film histories as the ideal held as the standard for imitationÃ¢â¬ Read More Hegemonic Masculinity in American Society Essay1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Masculinity is described as possession of attributes considered typical of a man. Hegemonic masculinity is a form of masculine character with cultural idealism and emphasis that connects masculinity to competitiveness, toughness, and women subordination. Masculinity hegemonic is the enforcement of male dominion over a society. Masculine ideology dates back to the time of agrarian and the industrial revolution in Europe when survival compelled men to leave their homesteads to work in industriesRead MoreGender In Romeo, Juliet And William Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespresentation of gender in two films we have looked at on the course The concept of gender is evolutionary and difficult to define, though it can be argued that traditionally females have been predominantly defined by their desirability, and males by their masculinity. The way a director presents gender in film can either inspire social change and conversation, or alternatively it can further reproduce social norms. In the case of the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s discussed in this essay, it is clear that Baz Luhrmann captivatesRead MoreEssay on Masculinity and Race1594 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMasculinity and Race Historically, masculinity in the United States has been constructed as being White Protestant Anglo-Saxon, furthermore heterosexual and in charge of all matters, and this definition sets standards against which other men are measured an evaluated. Michael Kimmel provides a good definition: [Ã¢â¬ ¦], Young, married, white, urban heterosexual, Protestant father of college education, fully employed, of good complexion, weight and height and a recent record in sports(271).
Under this law, youth offenders were viewed as victims not aggressors. They were oriented to rehabilitation for reformation with the purpose of integrating them into the mainstream society managed by the Juvenile Domestic Relations Court. By virtue of the Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980 (B. P. 129), the authority over the adjudication of the juvenile (and domestic) cases was then designated to Regional and Municipal Courts which cannot act exclusively on proceedings for youth offenders because functions also as courts of general jurisdiction. This means that rehabilitation for reformation cannot be implemented according to purpose. Children under the age of nine are exempt from criminal responsibility and those between nine and fifteen are liable only if they are able to demonstrate discernment, which is a level of intellectual maturity including the ability to distinguish right from wrong. P. D. 1179 qualifies a youthful offender over nine (9) but not under eighteen years of age at the time of his commission of a crime. Children under the age of nine are exempt from criminal responsibility and those between nine and fifteen are liable only if they are able to demonstrate discernment, which is a level of intellectual maturity including the ability to distinguish right from wrong. P. D. 1179 qualifies a youthful offender over nine (9) but not under eighteen years of age at the time of his commission of a crime. This is followed by R. A. 9344 also known as the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006. Under this law, offenders who are fifteen 15 years old and below be exempted from criminal liability. Furthermore, it modified the juvenile interventions; one of which is the establishment of community-based programmes on juvenile justice and welfare. These features of the new law on youth offenders heaved various views and have heated up arguments citing the current situations on juvenile delinquency. Body of the Paper Most people who usually gather in groups hang around the streets and social places are minors. It is strange that they linger too long even on unusual times when they are supposed to be home or in school. Many of them particularly the youngest ones approach people asking for money or food without hesitation and they can deceive with pitiful and innocent facial expression but suddenly transformed insensitive. Upon receiving some, they will be found gambling or smoking cigarette. However, most children at age 10 are already aware of what is right from wrong. The proof is that they avoid or evade from authorities whenever they are doing something Ã¢â¬Å"wrongÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â meaning they know it is Ã¢â¬ËwrongÃ¢â¬â¢. In other words they can already discern right from wrong. As for the older children, they simply linger from one place to another scattered around and before people notice, they are gone and somebodyÃ¢â¬â¢s belongings are gone, too. They become snatchers and thieves from the streets to establishments and learn more crimes and tough ones because they get used to it and become their way of living. Ã¢â¬Å"The crimes involved run from general disorderliness and insubordinations to acts of gravest violence, not to exclude murderÃ¢â¬ (Philippine Hierarchy, 1957). The law enforcement agencies cannot arrest and detain them because they are minors as mandated by R. A. 9344 that offenders under 15 years old are exempted from criminal liability. The police may apprehend the young offenders aged 15 years but not over 18 years old, but shall immediately turn him over to DSWD for intervention programs. If he fails to handle the young offender carefully, he will be facing charges in violation of human rights or illegal detention. R. A. 9344 mandates that youth offenders must be liable to the juvenile justice court and if found guilty must undergo intervention or rehabilitation program under a competent and reliable guidance of experts. Of course, they must not be put inside detention cells but be confined in homes (rehabilitation camps) with trained and competent personnel (counselors). Late last year, the police apprehended some minors for allegedly victimizing taxi drivers and other motorists by opening doors of vehicles and grab anything inside it when idling at stoplights. In one CCTV video shown on the news, a boy allegedly a part of the group punched a driver in the face before running off. This has caused upsurge of calls to amend the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006. Since the law took effect, Cebu City Police Office reported a rise in the number of cases involving minor-aged offenders. They are used by crime syndicates because they are exempted from liability. According to Sen. Lacson, the number of youth offenders has continued to increase and justice cannot be served if they are exempted in the crime they are committing. Sen. Sotto also supports the call to amend the law stating that drug dealers have been using couriers below 18 years old. When apprehended by law enforcers, investigators were unable to collect statements from them because the lawyers of the drug dealers arrive and ask the police for immediate turn over to the DSWD. There are a wide range of executive orders and laws providing for the welfare and protection of youth in conflict with the law. Examples of which are the Child and Youth Welfare Code (PD 603), Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972, Special Protection of Children against Abuse, Exploitation, and Discrimination (R. A. 7610) among others. Despite these provisions, the increase in child exploitation persists. Furthermore, there are about sixteen rehabilitations in the country, but we still spot numerous minors in the streets and they are doing misconduct. Where are the authorities and what are they doing? What factors effects an increase of minor offenders? Let us look closer to the media. Most films portray immoral values and corrupt philosophy in life. There have been scenes of violence of any kind and sexual acts of any type in almost all motion pictures. In television advertisements, almost bare and sexy female (as well as male) icons are part of endorsing many products from goods to services, as well as in billboards and papers where half-naked or vaguely nude women are Ã¢â¬ËbiggerÃ¢â¬â¢ than the product. These encounters are responsible in the proliferation of youth crimes. Of course, the MTRCB has intensified the enforcement of movie ratings as SPG, PG, G, RÃ¢â¬â¢s and the like but everything is still accessible to the teenagers especially when in CDÃ¢â¬â¢s and DVDÃ¢â¬â¢s. MTRCB should carefully screen films and prevent those found to contain valueless and crime-triggering scenes because young minds are easily influenced by what they see. The agency therefore, must revise its policies on the requisites of a good film and judiciously screen before approving it. In basic education schools, the time allotment in the inclusion of values education program in the curriculum by integration in all subject areas is not sufficient to inculcate values in the youth. The subject which is supposed to build values in school children was only taught for two hours per week for the first and second year students, and three hours for the third year and fourth year students. If classes will be daily, it will be taught for one hour for two and three hours in a week so that discussion will be longer. Another problem is that in most schools, teachers assigned in values education are not trained in the subject. And often, the teaching is only taken for granted. There are many instances where the leader was Ã¢â¬Å"riding a bike that turns into a sedanÃ¢â¬ after a short period of time in the government service. Unfortunately, only the Ã¢â¬ËlittleÃ¢â¬â¢ man who stole a hundred peso bill from a store was sent to jail; not the Ã¢â¬ËbigÃ¢â¬â¢ man who took hundreds of millions from the taxes of the people. Many officials are charged in court but have not been convicted guilty of the crime Ã¢â¬â until now. It is sad to say that corruption nowadays does not need to be carefully weaved so as not to be noticed by the public. Today, it is very obvious and conclusive based on the projects and lifestyle of the government official. Few distinctive examples were that of the late Gen. Angelo Reyes, former President Gloria Arroyo, CJ Renato Corona and many others. The same mischief is also happening in the lower stratum of government service but not as controversial as of the higher ups. Many leaders who are supposed to be servants of the people are arrogant and power hungry. These affect the moral standards and principles of a young mind and they missed the proper conduct because that is what they see. Conclusion These have become realities in the eyes of a child who becomes the victim not the aggressor. Sometimes, it is true that the people giving remedies to the problem of delinquency are the causes of the problem. The real causes are the older generations because we fail to exercise genuine love and concern to our fellowmen and to our children. We fail to model what we want them to be when they grow older. We want them to be law abiding and productive citizens; not law breakers, offenders and threats to our society. The youth is the hope of the future. It is never too late to resolve the issue on juvenile delinquency. If the government and other authorities will continue to serve selfishly and insensitive to the needs of others, arguments will go on while the victims, the youth (offenders) are suffering and becoming hard criminals. If the issue on juvenile delinquency persists, they will fill the spaces even in the homes of the righteous and in the privacy of a peaceful community. It cannot be denied that youth will rule the future and will be leaders of our children because it shall surely come. Since it shall come, together we must conduct ourselves morally as good examples worthy of emulation so we can mould them to be righteous leaders and not hard offenders and threats to social stability. Amendment of RA 9344 (and any other laws) may not be necessary if the government will seriously enforce the mandates in it. The government shall allocate a budget for the program to include facilities and equipment, maintenance and other operating expenses, and wages. Local rehabilitation centers must be put up in communities and ensure accessibility so that the turning over will not be difficult for the local police and other authorities, including the child offenderÃ¢â¬â¢s family. The cooperation of the local government units shall be sought and they shall be responsible in the monitoring and evaluation of such rehabilitation centers. The government does not have a comprehensive program to address the need for responsible parenthood. Values Education in schools must have equal time allotment with other subjects and must be taught by competent and trained teachers or specialists who have a wide array of approaches to instill proper values and principles in the youth. Values and principles are further reinforced by the church so that church leaders may be encouraged by the government and the Department of Education to organize moral development services in schools and communities. We knew the fact that values begins in the homes. Many of the families of the youth offenders are those who do not attend church on Sundays. Nobody had ever told them the value of living in this world to have faith in God despite struggles, so they become emotionally weak and went astray. Values, most of the time, is overpowered by the need to survive. And most young offenders are products of a broken family. Most families are broken because the parents need to earn money for a living at whatever cost Ã¢â¬â even to commit a crime. It cannot be denied that Ã¢â¬Å"they are their parents childrenÃ¢â¬ because sooner or later, they will do the same. That is why the government must investigate the sources of corruption even in its own backyard so that taxes can be spent wisely for the livelihood programs of its people. If all government officials will exercise an honest and responsible leadership, there will be a considerable decline in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s crime rate. The Philippines is rich in natural and human resources; what makes it poor is its lack of moral values. The government must look into all government or non-government-owned agencies to implement strict compliance of their policies in accordance with the law that have direct effect on juvenile delinquency. Regardless of who is managing (or running) the agency, if found in violation of and contributory to juvenile delinquency, shall be held liable under the rule of law. Let us support the Ã¢â¬Å"battle cryÃ¢â¬ of the President which is Ã¢â¬Å"matuwid na daanÃ¢â¬ to reform the corrupt leadership system our country. References Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006 (R. A. 9344) Natalie Blanco, Krusada: Juvenile Delinquency, November 32, 2011. Kimberly Jane Tan, GMA News, October 14, 2012 amp; September 12, 2011 Davinci S. Maru amp; Rizel S. Adlawan, Sun. Star Cebu, September 17, 2011. Amita O. Legaspi, GMA News, September 13, 2011 Jhunnex Napallacan, Cebu Daily News, August 8, 2007. Statement of the Phillipine Hierarchy on Juvenile Delinquency, Juan C. Sison, 1957 Feast of St. Anne, CBCP News Marianne Murdoch , Juvenile Justice in the Philippines Ã¢â¬â A Personal Experience UNICEF, Manila
After a thorough reading and analysis of the poem, I have found that there co-exists a number of underlying themes and contradicting meanings within the poem; I believe the most plausible and recurrent theory is that this poem revolves around the theme of significance, human nature and fear of a looming and impending threat. I have also seen that the themes, tone and meaning of the poem change throughout the poem. At first glance Ã¢â¬âin its starting lines, 1 to 24- the poem appears to be about nothing more major than the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s disturbance at particular wasps which have chosen to make his US mailbox their nest. The poem then progresses, as do its continuously shifting tone and meaning. After identifying the situation of the waspsÃ¢â¬â¢ nest, the voice, at one point, seems to run into somewhat of a conflict where his usual instinct, moral judgment and human nature are locked in a power struggle of conflicting thoughts. As the poem then reaches its final lines, there begins an unraveling of deeper, more hidden themes. Written by James L Rosenberg, published in 1962, The Wasps Nest can be taken under many different annotations depending on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s view, throughout my analysis I have tried to convey as many possible Ã¢â¬âplausible- ideologies as to the poemÃ¢â¬â¢s individual and/or co-operative elements whether contradicting, coinciding or emphasizing in relation towards each other. One could note that the real significance of the poem is hidden within the last seven lines of the thirty-one. Prior to the last seven lines; the complete tone and purpose of the poem shifts from the theme of a menial nuisance/ minor disturbance into questions about controversial thought of the significance of existence. Rosenberg starts line 1 in a majestic description which refers towards particular wasps which have inhabited his mailbox. Although his description is praising towards the wasps, his first sign of the acknowledgement of their existence as living creatures; the first sign of evidence as to this can be seen in line 9; Ã¢â¬ËTheir insubstantial and their only homeÃ¢â¬â¢ In saying this, Rosenberg, for the first time, gives the waspsÃ¢â¬â¢ existence a certain sense of importance, by , in a way, personifying the wasps in referring to their nests as a Ã¢â¬ËhomeÃ¢â¬â¢ rather than a nest. This gives a rather synonymous connotation towards the feeling of humanity, thusly personifying the wasps with more of an equal human importance. Rosenberg continues this effect in several other lines throughout the poem despite its shifting themes and tones. Evidence of this can be seen in the following lines- 24 to 26-: Ã¢â¬ËPerhaps, they sense, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll never deal the blowÃ¢â¬â¢ These two lines show clear implications made by Rosenberg to give the wasps more acknowledgement by giving them a sense of human judgment and intelligence. The same effect can be seen in lines 21-24: Ã¢â¬ËAnd yet they seem Too deeply and too fiercely occupied To bother to attend. Ã¢â¬â¢ The fact that Rosenberg grants the wasps a sense of judgment in such a way that they noticed a potential threat and are too busy to attend to it. The mere fact that the author granted them with the thought that they could protect themselves adds emphasis towards my previous statement of the theme of acknowledgement. In lines 15-25, one can note somewhat of a conflict which appears where the voice questions his natural instincts to destroy the wasps nest (for the purpose of disposing of a nuisance and potential danger) with moral judgment and a deeper sense of human nature/emotion: Ã¢â¬ËAnd I think They know my strength, Can gauge The danger of their work: One blow could crush them And their nest; and I am not their friend. And yet they seem Too deeply and too fiercely occupied To bother to attend. Perhaps they sense IÃ¢â¬â¢ll never deal the blow,Ã¢â¬â¢ Now the change in tone and meaning can be noted clearly. From monitoring the placement of these wasps and where they have decided to inconveniently locate their home to a comparison between their world and ours and the frailty of both of them that we share. In these lines, the author seems to relate and create somewhat of a likeness between our two worlds: whilst the waspsÃ¢â¬â¢ nest is depicted as small and fragile, the author motioned a thought that in this universe, so is ours. Whilst the waspsÃ¢â¬â¢ nest is depicted as small and fragile, Rosenberg motions a thought that in a universe so large, everything could be just as small and fragile. He bridged and related our world to the waspsÃ¢â¬â¢, Introducing the likeness that we are all small beings in universe so large, and if he delivers a crushing blow to their home, is there not just as likely a possibility that something even larger crush ours, just as easily? That our society could be an even larger forceÃ¢â¬â¢s waspsÃ¢â¬â¢ nest? It is according to my understanding and analysis that there is not enough evidence to say as to whom the main character/voice of the poem is. We can see that it is written in first person narrative, but this provides no nsight towards the actual identity of this voice in the poem. The setting of the poem is implied Ã¢â¬âfrom lines 9 to 10- to be in the USA: Ã¢â¬ËNeither the sore displeasure Of the US MailÃ¢â¬â¢ Further implications as to the setting of the poem appear to be rather vague, although I imagined it to be set in a typical American suburban home as the man creates the thoughts noted in the poem, he is staring at his mai lbox, he is contemplating the fragility of his existence. The poem generally, although rather complex as a whole, does not contain many words which hold difficult and complex meaning. The meanings and connotations of the words are rather obvious in accordance to its noted denotations. The poem seems to be written in a style of free verse, this can be proven due to the fact that it is one body of writing; there are no stanzas. The length of the sentences vary from being long to short in a seemingly random order, and can thusly be justified as to coinciding with the poems theme in the way that the erratic sentence structure imitates the energetic aerials of the wasps. The further enjambment and caesuras spread throughout the poem could, in a way, emphasize a motion of streamlined thought, in the poem. It can be said that it is written as though one movement of developing thought streamlining from beginning to end of the poem. I conclude that after further analysis of the poem, my ideologies and theories as to the theme, tone and other factors which I have noted remain the same. I still believe that the boldest theme depicted is the theme of questioning significance and where ours stands in the universe.
Monday, April 20, 2020
If a woman is married and her husband is niggardly, the wife has the right to take of her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s property without his consent, to satisfy her own and her familyÃ¢â¬â¢s reasonable needs. Also, if a woman was comfortably maintained as a daughter, then as a wife, she is entitled to the same economic standard of living if her husband can afford it. Employment Islam gives the woman the same work rights as men, so long as her important role as a mother and a wife is not neglected. The sacred role of a wife and mother is paramount and indispensable to society. Without her, the future generation would lack the healthy moral conscience that is needed for the success and stability of any individual and community. Professionalism, hard work, and loving commitment are the natural skills that a woman as a mother, imparts. However, Muslim women are free to pursue employment if they are able to, and with the agreement of their husbands if married. We will write a custom essay sample on Islam and Women or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page History is witness to Muslim womenÃ¢â¬â¢s contribution to civilisation in various professions such as teaching, medicine and other fields. Inheritance Islam gives the woman the right of inheritance whereas in some cultures, women were considered themselves objects to be inherited! The woman is allotted a share of inheritance and this is hers to retain and manage no one can lay any claim to it, including her father or her husband. Allah says: Ã¢â¬Å"Unto men [of the family] belongs a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, and unto women a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, whether it be a little or much a determined share. Ã¢â¬ (Ouran 4:7) Generally, (but not always), her share is one half the manÃ¢â¬â¢s share. The woman is her own Ã¢â¬Å"manageressÃ¢â¬ in Islam; in discharging her responsibilities, she fully enjoys the fringe benefits that her position offers while her independent decisions and duties are accountable to Allah. Indeed, throughout history, the integrity, chastity and maternal role of Muslim women has attracted admiration from even the most impartial observers. For it is only Islam that covers the woman with the robe of modesty and crowns her with the bonnet of purity, providing her with the unique opportunity to contribute comfortably to society. What Grace and Mercy the Beneficent showers upon the woman! For every joy experienced and every effort made, willingly and lovingly on the Path of AllahÃ¢â¬â¢s Pleasure, the woman, just as the man, receives the same good-tidings of the happiness and delights, that are ever-flowing from Allah. Ã¢â¬Å"Whoever works righteousness, man or woman, and has faith, verily to him We will give a new life, a life that is good and pure and We will bestow on such, reward according to the best of their actions. Ã¢â¬ (QurÃ¢â¬â¢an 16:97)